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The game of Roulette- Origin and development rrollo through time

This game is one of the oldest played even today with a certain resemblance between the first versions of it and the most modern ones. On this page we will show you various details and interesting points according to the appearance and forging of Roulette throughout the world as one of the preferred options for leisure, entertainment and betting.

The European version in the century XVII

The original name of the game is derived from the French Rouellette or “little wheel”, since the modern version we know was developed by a Welsh mathematician. However, there are indications that different cultures throughout the world used similar chance methods for hundreds of years. Examples of this are the boards with 40 clay figurines found in China (XII century) or the games with chariot wheels, used by the Greek and Roman military.

Background of the Wheel
En un inicio, la Ruleta comprendía otras figuras, además de los números
The “Wheel of Fortune” or the “Board of Figurines” are the predecessors of what we know today as one of the casino classics, which has several variants throughout the world.
Modern Versions
Pares e impares fue la primera simplificación de la rueda
Initially the number of symbols was reduced to only even/odd. Shortly after, coverage was extended to digits, to increase the house edge.

Other early versions that surely had an influence on modern variants was the E.O. (Even/ Odds, in USA Pares/Impares) or the Biribi board. Determining among all these games which was the first of its kind and which were later adaptations is difficult to verify, although the similarities suggest that the betting and payment rules they have remained present in both ancient and contemporary societies, the version known as “French” being the most practiced today.

Las reglas modernas son obra de Blaise PascalThe rules are simple: a Roulette is divided into boxes with random numbering and separated into two color groups (black and red) is rotated and an ivory ball is thrown inside. The objective is to guess in which box the sphere will land. The development of the rules is attributed to the French scientist Blaise Pascal in the last decades of the 17th century in Italy, who, within his research on the mathematical calculations of probability and variation, was fascinated by the series of dominant numbers found. As a result of his observations, he wrote the book "L' Historie de la Rouellette", which despite bearing the name of the iconic game, deals specifically with the search for a formula to calculate cycloids involved in rotation and perpetual mobility.

Pascal's work served as the foundation for the creation of the original board and wheel, which served as the basis for future variations, hence he is seen as the creator of modern boards. In fact, until the early 1900s, many encyclopedias referred to the so-called "Italian Roulette" or "great Roulette" with 38 numbers. A smaller version of it (with only 18 pockets) was called “little Roulette” or “German style”.

The 18th and 19th centuries: Annexation of the zeroes and expansion throughout Europe

In the mid-1700s, the wheel and board arrived in France, enjoying rapid acceptance among the bourgeois classes and even royalty. So much so, that King Louis XV (1710 – 1774) even tried to completely ban it, since many characters and citizens preferred to play rather than carry out their tasks and obligations. In 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte promulgated the order to allow the administration of Roulette only to the casino of the Royal Palace. At the end of 1830, King Louis Philippe finally decreed the prohibition of the game throughout the French kingdom, which led establishments in neighboring countries to a golden age of splendor and success. The area that benefited the most from the ban was the south of Germany, in the regions of Baden-Baden, Bad Homburg and Wiesbaden.

Experts assure that Pascal's Roulette was modified by the brothers François and Louis Blanc of the club Bad Homburg in 1842, who eliminated the double appearance of the "0" to increase the competitiveness of their bookmaker against that of their opponents and, in this way, win many more visitors. It is worth mentioning that back then the rulesLa Partage oren Prison did not exist, so when the ball fell on box zero, all bets were removed from the tables and all participants lost the spin, unless they had bet exclusively on that number. The public accepted the Blanc brothers' tactic to such an extent that their competitors were forced to perform the same maneuver shortly afterwards. After a couple of years, all the casinos in Europe had the single zero wheel.

The bookmaker “Homburg” under the command of François Blanck
En este casino fue introducido el

By 1860 A law prohibiting random bets was extended and the establishments became clandestine premises, for which many businessmen had to leave the country and seek new markets. The Blanc brothers moved to Monte Carlo, where they founded a betting and gaming culture that continues to this day. The place became a mecca for all casino lovers and the single zero Roulette was so well accepted that it was there that it began its expansion throughout the world, mainly due to the hundreds of sailors who spent a couple of days in the port of the city, playing before setting sail for the next destination.

Introduction and spread in America

Due largely to the wars that occurred in the old continentLas, families and even entire peoples were forced to leave their original lands and march to the new continent, hoping to find peace and prosperity. Many of these immigrants were French and settled in the area that today comprises the states of Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana. When settling in their new home, they mixed their customs, uses and traditions with those existing in the area, with the game of Roulette being one of the main attractions of leisure and fun. The first American wheels had only 28 betting slots, plus a zero and the eagle symbol. If the ball landed in one of these last two, the house won 100% of the bets. It took a short time for the rules to be coupled with those present in French Roulette, with 36 numbers and only one possible zero, on which it was allowed to bet equally.

The spread of the game in the USA
Por la costa este llegó para quedarse
From New Orleans to the Old West, the famous European game spread rapidly, along the commercial stream of the Mississippi River.
The First American Roulette
La incursión del doble
The Early versions of American Roulette had numbers from 1 to 28, in addition to "0" and double "0". The eagle finally gave absolute advantage.

New Orleans could be considered the cradle of the American version due to the large French settlements in the region, and their expansion through the villages adjoining the Mississippi River, which served as a natural channel of trade and transportation for thousands of people. With the spread of colonies in the west, Roulette gradually found a fixed space in all temporary and permanent establishments throughout the new nation.

La rueda de Ruleta se incorporó rápidamente a todo lso casinos de USAThe first American Roulettes differed somewhat from those used in the Monte Carlo casino. Although the rules remained almost unchanged, the game conditions did undergo severe modifications. While in Europe a certain status was enjoyed within the establishments and their visitors respected a code of dress and behavior, in the United States the rules of the old west were in force, with temporary premises, dirt and a low general level. Roulette players and operators alike often used tricks to win, which continually led to fights and riots. For this reason, the wheels were placed on tables and the board was introduced to regulate the bets, without third parties being able to intervene or alter the results.

Shortly after, the gaming houses added another zero to the board to increase the advantage of the company, leaving a percentage of 5.26% for the casino compared to the usual 2.7% that a single "0" represented. With this action, profits grew, which led toAmerican Roulette being forged as the dominant version until today in physical and virtual operators in the United States, Canada, South America and the Caribbean, while the rest of the world mainly uses the European wheel.

Innovation in the s. XX: The Internet Age

At the beginning of 1900 casinos were not yet scattered all over the world. Back then, there were mainly two oases that, due to legal compliance and cultural entrenchment, allowed gambling cities to flourish: Monte Carlo in Europe and Las Vegas in America. It was not until the 1970s that the popularity of this type of establishment grew all over the planet, reaching its peak thanks to the technological revolution that the Internet brought with it. As more and more homes and public places discovered the potential of “the Network” and joined as active users, many operators began to offer gaming services through this medium, the first being InterCasino in 1996.

New Roulette variants in online casinos

The evolution of Internet brought huge changes to people's daily life and way of recreation. Thanks to technology, it is possible to play 24 hours a day, without interruptions due to opening hours or days, without depending on the staff that manages the tables and being able to participate in various tables and styles, even in parallel. Furthermore, the continuous improvements to existing programs made it possible to include new versions, interesting variations or mergers between the customers' favorite games, thus creating a huge general offer, to which everyone could have access.

Live Streaming Casinos- Online Roulette with Real Croupier

Una de las formas de transmitir imágenes en vivoDespite all the advantages that online portals represent, one factor continued to arouse longing in players: the atmosphere generated in a local physical, thanks to the participation of other clients and the service of a real Croupier. While the software used by most companies is simple, free, and easy to use, the interaction on a real site is difficult to simulate. The first attempts to solve this problem were made by the company VueTec, who in a pioneering way, made direct connections through cameras placed in a couple of corners inside a real casino, so that users could observe all the action around the screen. desk. At the same time, the software prepared for it facilitated the placement and payment of bets. The results of the spins did not come from those randomly generated by special programs, but directly from the wheel activated by the casino staff.

However, this new technique had some drawbacks. In order not to interrupt or inconvenience physical visitors to the premises, the cameras were placed on the ceiling of the premises and directly above the tables, so that Internet users could have a general view. Online players were not able to interact with the table manager and the quality of the video stream was far from HD, as internet connections were too slow (compared to today's standards) to allow video streaming. high quality. The result: inadvertent interruptions of visibility by physical visitors, a poor perception of bets, reduced credibility in the reliability of results by virtual users and frustration.

The games of Live casino from studios
Todos los proveedores tienen Croupier profesionales

It was not until 2006 after the founding and consolidation ofthe English company Evolution Gaming, specialized in live casinos that a plausible improvement was introduced in the transmission of Live Online Roulette. The current world leader in this type of service changed webcams for professional cameras and the attachment to physical casinos for the exclusive creation of studios adapted for virtual broadcasting and transmission. Since other face-to-face participants are not involved, it was possible to implement extra functions on the user's screen, different camera angles, sophisticated bet management software and a live chat that facilitates communication between the Croupier and the client. All of this contributed to creating true conformity when playing Roulette online.

In recent years new variations of the casino classic (offline and online) have emerged ), with various themes such as sports or action heroes, the operation of simultaneous multi-wheels or the fusion of dice and Roulette, to mention only the most notorious. However, the vital essence remains intact and the American and European/French tables remain predominant. The latest trend is heading in the direction of progressive wheels, as "Immersive Rouellette" - which is broadcast in high definition (HD) - has been chosen in recent years as "Game of the Year" by the EGR academy, thanks in large part to the functions of extra zoom, slow motion replay and different betting possibilities. In the same way, the inclusion of other media is gaining strength, such as the adaptation for mobile formats orthe transmission of the games Live through TV as it happens in 888casino .